The BIP Box: March Madness

Splitting colonies coming out of almonds this year has been difficult for some of our beekeepers affected by the sudden loss of much of the brood raised near the end of almond pollination. The jury is still out, but symptoms look very similar to the bee kill that occurred in 2014 and may be due to fungicides or IGRs (or combination of both).  Some of our tech teams have spent the last 2 weeks making the rounds to beekeepers, taking samples from bee bread, pupae, and eclosed bees that just can’t make it out of the cells. We are working closely with the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CA DPR) and the Almond Board to investigate these cases and take samples inside the effected colonies for pesticide residue analyses, as well as generate a map of where our effected participants were worst hit.

Typical symptoms of those colonies suffering include eclosed bee heads emerging out of cells with proboscises protruding, malformed or no wings, and young bees pulled out of cells and removed from the colony.  Colonies appear to recover after time on fresh pollen; however the setback in bee population has severely diminished the colonies available to split for future pollination contracts and for honey production.

March 1

Close up of dying young bees (Courtesy of Bee Informed Partnership, TX Tech team Megan Mahoney)

March 2

Dead, emerging bees, proboscis out (Courtesy of Bee Informed Partnership, CA Tech team, Rob Snyder)

March 3

Eclosed bee without wings and proboscis out (Courtesy of Bee Informed Partnership, CA Tech team Rob Snyder)

 

March 4

Young dead bees pulled out of comb (Courtesy of Bee Informed Partnership, TX Tech team Megan Mahoney)

Varroa and Nosema March loads

March averages for Varroa were at 0.3 mites/100 bees.  Nosema has increased from 0.89 million spores/bee in February to an average of 1.7 million spores/bee this month.  Both of these averages were from CA and MN samples only.

Written By: Karen Rennich

Karen Rennich has written 21 post in this blog.

As the Project Manager of the Bee Informed Partnership and the APHIS National Survey, I am based out of the University of Maryland’s Entomology Department but also have the pleasure of working with the USDA Bee Research Lab. I am fortunate to work closely with all members of our team and other organizations throughout the U.S. and I get to tackle everything from data analysis to field work and all jobs in between to keep our goals in sight and moving toward our milestones. I have a B.S. in ocean engineering from Purdue University and an M.S. in ocean engineering from the Johns Hopkins University. I designed and worked on large, underwater Navy sensor systems when I was employed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory for 14 years. I have been a beekeeper for 6 years and manage 10 colonies at home. Seeing the Bee Informed Partnership evolve from paper to reality is exciting and inspiring.

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